The demonic attack carried out by the ISIS (Islamic State of Iraq and Syria) in Paris on the 13th November 2015 was clear evidence of the growing menace of this religiously fanatic group. So the question to be asked is what were the reasons behind this rapid rise of the demonic organization called the “ISIS”?
The 4 main reasons for the rise of this organization are as follows:
- The Islamic ideology of a Caliphate:
In Islam there exist certain factions that believe in imposing the Islamic form of governance i.e. Caliphate led by a Caliph(a political and religious successor to Prophet Muhammad) and, displacing the current world order. So the basic ideology of some organizations within Islam is the complete annihilation of the current world order based on western concepts (democracy) so as to replace it with an Islamic one(authoritarian). This is exactly the reason why groups such as ISIS have been involved in barbaric acts of violence such as beheadings and suicidal bombings as was seen in Paris. Unfortunately for humanity as a whole “Radical” Islam is the harsh reality of today’s world and, ISIS is the prime example of this reality.
- Invasion of Iraq:
In 2003 the United States of America along with its partners (which included countries like Great Britain and Australia) invaded Iraq with the intention to “Change the regime” and “free the Iraqi people”. The invasion initially resulted in providing the religious fanatics within the country with a perfect platform to fight America and its allies and, thereby an opportunity to establish its agenda of world domination. At a later stage a battle between the two Islamic sects Shia and Sunnis (Jihadists) broke out which resulted in further chaos in the country. Adding to the country’s woes was a weak government which led to rampant corruption. It was under such circumstances that the fanatical Al Qaeda also known as Al Qaeda in Iraq(AQI) merged with other fundamentalist groups under a new name “The Islamic State of Iraq”. It was eventually in July 2014 that the ISIS leader Abu Bakr Al-Baghdadi led the Friday’s prayers at Mosul’s Great Mosque and, publically called on “Muslims” all around the world to follow him as the head of the Caliphate and self-anointed himself as “Caliph Ibrahim”.
- Syrian Civil War:
In what can only be termed as a “Domino effect” arising from the “Arab Spring” a, protest for democracy against the government arose in Syria in the southern city of Deraa in 2011. The protest led to a conflict between two groups i.e. one group for the President Bashar Al-Assad and the other against. Gradually like the invasion in Iraq the conflict evolved into a battle between the two sects i.e. Shia(Alawite) and Sunnis. Eventually what started out as a protest turned into a civil war that destroyed the socioeconomics of the country. It was the onset of civil war that provided the ISIS and Baghdadi with a perfect opportunity to exploit the given circumstances and establish its agenda within Syria. Eventually it was through a splinter group called “Jabhat A-Nusra” that the ISIS entered Syria and, took control in the northern and eastern parts of the country.
- Foreign Policies of the United States of America in Iraq and Syria:
“With great power comes great responsibility” is a famous dialogue from the movie “Spiderman”. Sadly though the US foreign policy makers have failed to understand the true essence of this powerful quote. Which is clearly evident in the policies that were framed for Iraq and Syria. While in Iraq the reason for the invasion given was “Change in regime” and “to free the Iraqi people”. Unfortunately all it did was to provide a platform for the fundamentalists to propagate their agenda through violence. On the other hand in Syria when the protests against the government first erupted the Obama administration did not bother to intervene because it did not suit their purpose. It was only when protest turned to civil war and the US officials saw an opportunity to bring down Assad’s regime that they supported the Sunni dominated rebel forces. Thus these misguided foreign policies used in Iraq and Syria also played a huge role the rise of ISIS.
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